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First Year Physics with Peter Eyland

This is a standard level semester of First Year Physics

Course Content

Lecture 1

• Density and pressure
• Pressure at a depth in a static fluid
• Gauges and gauge pressure
• Pascal's principle
• Air pressure

Static Fluids

Lecture 2

• Four concepts of fluid flow
• Equation of continuity
• Bernoulli's equation

Fluid Dynamics

Lecture 3

•The Venturi tube
• The Pitot tube
• The Prandtl tube
• Aerofoils
• Archimedes' principle

Bernoulli Applications

Lecture 4

• Temperature as the average kinetic energy per molecule.
• Diathermal and adiabatic walls
• The zeroth law of thermodynamics
• Converting between Celsius and Fahrenheit
• Converting between Celsius and Kelvin
• The Constant-Volume Gas Temperature
• Comparing Temperature Scales


Lecture 5

• Thermal expansion
• Hydrogen bonding
• Internal energy
• Heat capacity
• Specific heat
• Heat transfer by mixing
• Latent heat

Expansion and Calorimetry

Lecture 6

• Equilbrium Thermodynamics
• The Work Done by a system
• Cyclic processes
• The First Law of Thermodynamics
• Adiabatic changes
• Constant Volume changes
• Cyclic changes
• Free Expansions

1st Law of Thermodynamics

Lecture 7

• Avogadro's number
• Brownian motion
• Boyle's, Charles' and Gay-Lussac's Laws
• The Ideal Gas Equation
• The Work Done by an Ideal Gas at Constant Temperature

Ideal Gases

Lecture 8

• Kinetic Theory assumptions
• Molar Mass and the Atomic Mass Unit.
• The Microscopic explanation of Pressure
• Average Molecular Speeds in gases
• The Microscopic explanation of Temperature
• The Mean Free Path

Kinetic Theory

Lecture 9

• Internal energy change
• Internal energy of a monatomic gas
• Molar specific heat of a monatomic gas at constant volume
• Molar specific heat at constant pressure
• Equipartition of energy
• Temperature dependence of molar specific heat
• Adiabatic changes

Equipartition Theory

Lecture 10

• Resistive-Capacitative transients and RC time constant
• Resistive-Inductive transients and RL time constant

RC and RL Transients

Lecture 11

• Mutual Inductance of one inductor wound over another.
• Sign convention for potential difference across a Mutual Inductor.
• The Energy stored in the magnetic field of an Inductor
• The Energy Density of a magnetic field
• Inductive-Capacitative oscillations

Mutual Inductance and Energy stored in Magnetic Fields

Lecture 12

• Generating alternating current
• Adding two alternating potential differences
• Complex e.m.f.s

Complex e.m.f.s  

Lecture 12 a

• Real and Imaginary numbers
• Cartesian form for complex numbers
• Basic operations with complex numbers
• Complex conjugates
• Absolute value or modulus
• Polar form for complex numbers
• Exponential form for complex numbers

Lecture 12a  Complex Numbers

Lecture 13

• The average or D.C value
• A pure resistor in an A.C. circuit
• The power dissipated in a resistor
• The effective or r.m.s. value
• A pure capacitor in an A.C. circuit
• The power in a capacitor
• A pure inductor in an A.C. circuit
• The power in an inductor

Pure R,C and L in AC

Lecture 14

• Resistance Capacitance (RC) circuits
• Resistance (Pure) Inductance (RL) circuits
• Resistance (Pure) Inductance and Capacitance (RLC) circuits
• Resistance (Real) Inductance and Capacitance (RLC) circuits

RC, RL and RLC AC circuits

Lecture 15

• The resonance condition.
• The natural frequency for resonance in A.C. series circuits.
• The variation of current with frequency.
• The variation of phase with frequency.
• The quality factor and the bandwidth.
• The magnification of potential differences at resonance.
• Band pass characteristics

AC series resonance

Lecture 16

• Series circuits strategy
• Parallel circuits strategy
• Admittance, conductance and susceptance
• Parallel resonance in A.C. circuits
• Natural frequency for resonance in A.C. parallel circuits
• Current versus frequency
• Phase versus frequency
• The quality factor and the bandwidth for A.C. parallel circuits
• Currents in parallel branches for high Q circuits at resonance

AC parallel resonance

Lecture 17

• The Transformer as a Mutual Inductor
• The Uses of Transformers
• The Construction of Transformers
• The Ideal Transformer
• The Complex Mutual Impedance of a Transformer
• The Ideal Transformer as a multiplier for Potential Difference
• The Ideal Transformer as a multiplier for Current
• The Ideal Transformer with a Complex Load
• The Reflected and Shunt Impedances in Equivalent Circuits


A few exam papers &/or tutorial questions with full worked solutions may be obtained for a small fee. Please email if you require assistance with this.

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